From One Point To The Next

Every wondered how someone could possibly go from living in a small village, going about their daily routine, to being trapped in the most horrific of situations? Hopefully the answers to some of these Frequently Asked Questions will give you a better understanding.

What is Human Trafficking?


“I know what it means, it just happened to me. I was being sold as though I was cattle. I was being captured and stripped of all my dignity and self-control”

– Trafficked Victim


 

Human Trafficking is the fastest and largest growing crime in the world today. A crime that is in the trade of humans; exploiting lives for money. Unfortunately, Human Trafficking is prevalent in many countries around the world. It is a market-based economy that exists on principles of supply and demand…high profits are generated at fairly low risks.

The most widely accepted definition of Human Trafficking is found in the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons. It is ‘the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.’

In the most simplest terms, Human Trafficking is a criminal activity in which human beings are treated as possessions to be controlled and exploited.

Who is most vulnerable to being trafficked?

Although we may never understand why anyone would possibly sell, marry off or knowingly allow someone to enter a dangerous “job”, we may also never understand what it is like to live in extreme poverty, or be brought up in a culture that says some things are “ok”.

Many people in India are vulnerable to being trafficked. The following factors increase a person’s chance becoming a trafficking victim:

  • Being female
  • Living in rural or poverty affected areas
  • Living in areas of weak legislation and law enforcement
  • Bring illiterate or having low education
  • Living in debt and needing to find a way to repay money
  • Being affected by natural disasters

India is home to over 1.2 billion people and is estimated to have a third of the world‘s poor. The World Bank estimates that within India, 68.7% of the population live on less than $2 a day. With this level of poverty comes vulnerability…and vulnerability allows others to take advantage.

How is a woman typically trafficked into sexual exploitation?

There are many different ways in which a trafficker (pimp) will illegally capture and traffic his/her victim. Depending on the country, some methods are used more widely than others. Each individual’s story is different! Here are 5 ways in which girls and women are trafficked in India:

False Promises (deception): often people are tricked into thinking a better life awaits. “Selling a dream” to those who never thought that this “dream” would ever be possible for them.

Preying on the poor and vulnerable: targeting girls who are unable to offer resistance or whose circumstances make them more susceptible to trafficking.

Force: causing serious harm or physical restrain by abducting or posing as a person of authority to coerce the victim.

Family Arrangements: young girls may be falsely arranged to marry a man from a different city/state and no dowry is necessarily needed (no dowry takes the burden off the family).

Financial payments or benefits: parents are coerced into selling their daughter as a way of supporting the rest of the family.

What happens when she is rescued?

Within India, once a girl is rescued she has to first go through an official process before she is released into any organisation. If she is a minor (under 18 years old), she will be placed in a Minor Home and the Child Welfare Committee will be involved in her progress alongside that organisation. If a major (over 18), she will be placed in a Government Home for a minimum stay of 21 days. After that her future may be dependent on court cases, immigration papers or once again, the vulnerability of being re-trafficked.

Many young women at the age of 18, 19 or 20 don’t actually know where to go to once being given “free will” from the major home. They don’t have a job & more than likely don’t have any specific skills to get a job. They may not be able to go home for fear of stigma or fear of meeting up with people who were involved in the trafficking. So does she just walk onto the street & see what happens?? Unfortunately, that is more than likely not going to end in a happy story. That’s why we exist!!

What about when she is with you?

That’s a great question and we’re glad you asked! As mentioned above, we were established to stop any young woman from being re-trafficked into what she was rescued from. To provide her with a hope and a future. So we believe we have a pretty important role to play. To find our more about what we do click here and we’ll direct you to all you need to know about her time with Offspring.

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